October 02, 2019

Every ecosystem can be conceived as a set of interactive subsystems one level lower, from the highest level to the basic components, being organisms such as plants, animals and humans. Organisms as such are built up from cells, tissues, organs and organ complexes, but are here left out and are considered as 'a black box'.

By Jack Kruf

The ecosystem 'city' is - like all natural ecosystems - built up from these basic components upwards via subsystems to the highest level, the city: citizen / animal / plant – community / organisation – neighbourhood – district – city. The city itself is a subsystem of the system 'region', which is part of the system 'province', which is part of the system 'country' et cetera. The connections and the dynamics between the components can been described in relations, roles, drives and interests in the context of processes, cycli and factors. Every component belongs to a family, representing a specific function within the city ecosystem. Every family has an associative colour, chosen from the palette of the Pantone Matching System.*


An individual Human is one of the basic functional components of the city. It has the status in our ecosystem of citizen, visitor or tourist. The associated colour is Pantone® Terra Cotta. Were it not humans - it is estimated somewhere around the year 3000 BC - that invented and developed this craftsmanship of terra cotta ("baked earth").

Pantone® Terra Cotta


Civil society is a functional component concerning groups and communities of citizens - being the inhabitants of a city, especially which are entitled to its privileges or franchises - which are linked by common interests and collective activity. It has a wide range of organisational forms, from action groups to organised demonstrations to forms of a more institutional character. The colour is Pantone® Poppy. It is a tribute to all who lost their lives in WOI and are remembered by the poem In Flanders Fields by John McCrae.

Pantone® Poppy


In Flanders Fields

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the dead, short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.


Politics is a functional component concerning 'a set of activities associated with the governance of a country or an area. It involves making decisions that apply to members of a group' (Hague et al., 2013). It emerges in political organisations represented as well as in dialogue steered decision making. It refers in essence to the representation of ideas for achieving and exercising positions of governance-organized control over a human community. Machiavelli described politics as the world of 'power and influence'. The colour is Pantone® Violet Tulip. Violet is the colour at the beginning of the visible spectrum, at the place where ideas become  tangible and show themselves. And of course there are flowers for voters during election time.


Pantone® Violet Tulip.


Elected council is a functional component being the formal representation of the people in all kind of government matters. It is based – within democracy – on the process of voting and election of the representatives by the people. The elected council formally takes charge of the representative democracy. It steers and controls the governing council. It represents the connection between citizens and government in a democratic governing system. The colour is Pantone® Royal Purple, because the elected councils are regarded as the highest governmental institutions in a democracy. Purple is the colour between 'red' of citizen and 'blue' of government. 

 Pantone® Royal Purple


Government council is a functional component by which a state, region, city or community is controlled. Government in fact is in charge of the public governance of society and the natural environment. It serves its citizens and companies. It can be the (elected) governing council with its management such as a municipality, region, province or specific organisation. The colour is Pantone® Imperial Blue. It links with the Latin imperium, meaning ‘rule over large territories’.


Pantone® Imperial Blue


Mandated government is a functional component concerning the executive and performing domain of government, most of the time without an elected but a mandate structure in governance. The involved organisations serve the state, province, region or municipality directly and indirectly. They have a mandate to act related to government responsibilities Agencies and parastatals are part of this function. The colour is Pantone ® Process Blue, due the the nature of its character, to carry out and process tasks from government perspective.

 Pantone ® Process Blue


Business in the widest sense is a functional component concerning the making, producing and trading of goods and foods. The involved organisations are businesses and entrepreneurial undertakings in the widest range, most of the time profit oriented. The colour is Pantone® Flame, associated with the fire, sometimes literally but most of the time figuratively, in the process of creation, craft, production and delivery.

Pantone® Flame


Non-governmental (NGO) is a functional component concerning task-oriented and driven by common interest. Its organisations perform in a wide variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information.They are most of the time non-profit or not-for-profit. The colour is Pantone® Carrot Curl. The association is easily found in the rooting principles of the functions and organisations.

Pantone® Carrot Curl


Education is a functional component concerning the facilitating of learning and the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and related research. The colour is Pantone® Vibrant Yellow.The association is that sharing new light in learning leads to positive vibrance of development.

Pantone® Vibrant Yellow


Media is a diverse functional component. Media can be defined as the means of communication, as radio and television, newspapers, magazines, and the Internet, that reach or influence people widely. It exists of profit organisations focused on media distribution as well social media as phenomenon. The colour of this component is Pantone® Sand, because it is present everywhere. Sand forms the basics for construction and production of goods and foods, like the news is. It can be fruitful (soil) but also harmful (desert storm). You can make beautiful and precious glass from it, at the same time it can disturb you engine from working properly.

Pantone® Sand


Art & Culture is the functional component which represents the authentic expression of feelings and perceptions in the broadest sense as well as the conservation of heritage. The involved organisations are diverse, numerous and include artistic collectives and groups as well as musea, libraries and heritage organisations. They all tell us where we come from, our history, human origin, artefacts, identity and even existential reflection. The colour is Pantone®  Pastel Yellow, and ode to the thousand colour palet of yellow, used  by Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer in his 1665 paining the Girl with a Pearl Earring.

Pantone® Pastel Yellow


Sport & Leisure is a diverse functional component. It is about a way of life, of meeting, expression, health, recreation and traveling. It is a complete industry with many organisations involved. A world on its own with often high stakes, influential with sometimes huge impacts. The colour is Pantone® Leather Brown, associated with the first football used in early games as well a the first leather suitcase used for travelling.

Pantone® Leather Brown


Care & Cure is the functional component concerning care and cure for people. The related organisations are hospitals and the wide diversity of organisations and include the financial world behind them, that of insurers and investors. The colour is Pantone® Rose Quartz, one of the colours of the year 2016. In layman’s terms, this colour it is baby pink. Pantone’s team of experts about this colour: "Quartz is a persuasive yet gentle tone that conveys compassion and a sense of composure.”

Pantone® Rose Quartz 


Nature conservation is the functional component concerning organisations related to ownership, protection and conservation of natural ecosystems. The colour is Pantone® Forest Green. An obvious association.

Pantone® Forest Green 


Science is the functional component that can be defined as a systematic enterprise that builds and organises knowledge in the form of testable and verifiable explanations and predictions about the universe. This component has the colour Pantone® Lime Green, being associated with sharing new fresh light on the depths of the universe of nature.

Pantone® Lime Green 


Research is the functional component that can be defined as a systematic monitoring and research related to developments in society and nature. The related organisations build and organise knowledge by analysing, monitoring and advising governments from an independent position. This component has the colour Pantone® Beveled Glass, being associated with breaking index of glass, a form of reflective prisma.

Pantone® Beveled Glass 


Religion & Thought is the functional component concerning spiritual and belief and its organisations and institutions. Religion is a social-cultural system of designated behaviours and practices, morals, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements. Thought on the other hand encompasses an aim-oriented flow of ideas and associations that can lead to a reality-oriented conclusion. The colour is Pantone® Quiet Gray, linked with quietness and its associations and synonyms like peacefulness, peace and quiet, restfulness, calmness, tranquillity and serenity.

  Pantone® Quiet Gray


Consultancy is the functional component which is related to the wide range of advice and support, given from expert companies related to the fields of accountancy, management, engineering in the broadest sense.  The colour is Pantone® Fuchsia Purple, associated with the brightness by which these services are offered and brought into practice.

Pantone® Fuchsia Purple


Finance is the functional component which enables the flow of money. It can be carried out or taken care for by organisations related to their own business. But in particular this component consists of specifically there is financial institutions with financing as main function, i.e. accepting deposits from the public, creating credit, lending and investing, performed either directly or indirectly through capital markets. Banks and investors belong to this component. The colour is Pantone® Silver. The association is clear. Silver was with copper and gold occurring in the elemental form in nature and was probably used as the first primitive form of money as opposed to simple bartering.

Pantone® Silver


The Judiciary is the functional component which interprets and applies the law in a country, state or an international community.  Courts belong to this component.  The colour is Pantone® Taupe Gray,associated with the taupe,  the mole, digging in laws and regulations to find justice.


Pantone® Taupe Gray


 * The Pantone Color Matching System is largely a standardized color reproduction system. By standardizing the colors, different manufacturers in different locations can all refer to the Pantone system to make sure colors match for paper as well texture.


Hague, R. and M. Harrop ( 2013), Comparative Government and Politics: An Introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan International Higher Education.




Also in Journal

System and Living World
System and Living World

April 05, 2021

The system world and the living world can be integrated in an optimal coherent situation. Individuals, organisations and natural ecosystems live in harmony with their governing systems vice versa. Or they can be completely separatedNo interaction, no connection, no coherent situation.
Read More
Black King Alliance
We need a 'Black King'

April 02, 2021

Within society public leadership counts. We know the challenges before us, related to climate, energy, biodiversity, equality, circularity. To take a step forward we need people with vision, connectedness and credibility. We need the steward, the Black King.
Read More

May 01, 2020

This platform has been developed asgallery for visit and orientation. For information or sale, pleasecontact us. Products are mainly delivered as fine art prints, and sent per post. Prices are inclusive tax and world-wide shipping. 
Read More